All flowering plants produce seeds. The seeds are a tiny part of a plant which gives rise to a new plant. Seeds is found in different shapes, sizes, and colors.
It can be a pip (like an apple), a nut (in walnut), or a bean (pea, pulses). Let’s find out more about it.
SEED AND ITS PARTS
A seed has the following parts:
· It is the outer covering the of seed. It protects the internal parts.
EMBRYO OR BABY PLANT:
· It is present inside the seed which develop into a new plant.
· The embryo gives rise to root and a baby shoot.
SEED LEAVES OR COTYLEDONS:
· Cotyledons are present inside the seed.
· They absorb the food from the parent plant and store it for the embryo.
· They also protect the embryo.
MONOCOT SEEDS/DICOT SEEDS
· Monocots have only one seed leaf inside the seed coat. It is usually a thin leaf. They are also called monocotyledonous.
· When a monocot seed germinates, it produces a single leaf.
· The leaves of monocots are often long and narrow, with their veins in straight lines up and down the leaf.
· The stems of monocots are usually unbranched and fleshy.
· Monocots have a fibrous root system.
All Grasses, Rice, wheat, maize, bamboo, palm, banana, ginger, onion,
garlic, lilies, daffodils, iris, orchids, bluebells, tulips.