ADAPTATION OF FOOD
HERBIVORES: ANIMALS THAT EAT PLANTS
- Cows, horses, goats and deer are the examples of herbivores.
- Their sharp front teeth help them to cut grass and their flat grinding teeth at the back help them to chew the grass.
- The trunk of the elephant and the long neck of the giraffe help them to break and eat leaves from trees.
CARNIVORES: ANIMALS THAT EAT THE FLESH OF OTHER ANIMALS
- Tigers, lions and foxes are the examples.
- They have long, sharp teeth and claws which help them to tear the flesh.
- They have strong legs which help them to run fast to catch their prey.
- Snakes are carnivorous and use their scales to move fast on the ground. They swallow their prey fully.
- Eagles and vultures are carnivorous birds and have sharp claws and hooked beaks to catch their prey and tear its flesh.
OMNIVORES: ANIMALS THAT EAT BOTH PLANTS AND ANIMALS
- Humans, bears and crows are omnivorous animals.
- They have both flat and sharp teeth.
PARASITES: DEPEND ON OTHER ANIMALS FOR THEIR FOOD
- Mosquitoes, fleas and leeches are parasites that suck the blood of other animals.
- They do not have teeth. Instead they have sucking tubes in their mouth.
- They live on or inside other animal bodies to derive food from them.
- The animal which supplies food to the parasite is known as Host.
They are of 2 types:
- Ectoparasites: Living on the host’s body like Flea, lice,leech etc.
- Endoparasite: Living inside the host’s body like tapeworm, roundworm, hookworm etc.
SCAVENGERS: EAT FLESH OF DEAD ANIMALS
- Vulture, hyena, fox etc. are some scavengers
- Hyenas have sharp canines and strong jaws.