ADAPTATION OF FOOD

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ADAPTATION OF FOOD

HERBIVORES: ANIMALS THAT EAT PLANTS

  • Cows, horses, goats and deer are the examples of herbivores.
  • Their sharp front teeth help them to cut grass and their flat grinding teeth at the back help them to chew the grass.
  • The trunk of the elephant and the long neck of the giraffe help them to break and eat leaves from trees.

CARNIVORES: ANIMALS THAT EAT THE FLESH OF OTHER ANIMALS

  • Tigers, lions and foxes are the examples.
  • They have long, sharp teeth and claws which help them to tear the flesh.
  • They have strong legs which help them to run fast to catch their prey.
  • Snakes are carnivorous and use their scales to move fast on the ground. They swallow their prey fully.
  • Eagles and vultures are carnivorous birds and have sharp claws and hooked beaks to catch their prey and tear its flesh.

 

OMNIVORES: ANIMALS THAT EAT BOTH PLANTS AND ANIMALS

  • Humans, bears and crows are omnivorous animals.
  • They have both flat and sharp teeth.

PARASITES: DEPEND ON OTHER ANIMALS FOR THEIR FOOD

  • Mosquitoes, fleas and leeches are parasites that suck the blood of other animals.
  • They do not have teeth. Instead they have sucking tubes in their mouth.
  • They live on or inside other animal bodies to derive food from them.
  • The animal which supplies food to the parasite is known as Host.
    They are of 2 types:
    1. Ectoparasites: Living on the host’s body like Flea, lice,leech etc.
    2. Endoparasite: Living inside the host’s body like tapeworm, roundworm, hookworm etc.

 

SCAVENGERS: EAT FLESH OF DEAD ANIMALS

  • Vulture, hyena, fox etc. are some scavengers
  • Hyenas have sharp canines and strong jaws.

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